In the morning, you will visit the Big Goose Pagoda. Big Goose Pagoda is one of the oldest structures in China. Originally, the Big Goose Pagoda consisted of a brick structure of five stories and was about 60 meters high. Firstly built in 589A.D. in the Sui Dynasty, five more stories were added to the pagoda between AD 701 and AD 704 during the reign of the Empress Wu Zetian, making ten in total. Unfortunately it was damaged during World War II and reduced to seven stories, as it remains today.
Then, you will go to the Ancient City Wall, where you can ride a bicycle on the wall. The main magnet of Xian is the city wall, as one of the most complete city walls that has survived in China and being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. It was enlarged in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) from the city wall that was initially built in the Tang Dynasty (618 -907). Now it is 12 meters tall, 12-14 meters wide and over 14 kilometers in length with a deep moat surrounding it. Its South gate is the largest with a suspension bridge. In the afternoon, you will visit the Stele Forest in Xian. Many people accredit the stele-carvings as the "Cradle of Chinese Calligraphy" and "Birthplace of Stele Engravings". The Xi’an Stele Forest, also called Beilin Museum, is thus a palace of calligraphy. Established in 1090 during the Northern Song Dynasty, the Stele Forest in Xian is known worldwide for a fine collection of more than 1,000 inscribed stone monuments engraved during the period from the Han to the Qing dynasties, a period that spans more than 2,000 years. You will have experience to learn how to make a rubbing at here. Rubbings were the first form of printing on paper. Important decrees, texts, scriptures, poems, and pictures were inscribed on wood, bronze, and stone, then copies were made on paper for distribution.
Finally, you will be transferred to the train station.